Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises vide Gazette ID No. CG-DL-E-26062020-220191 dated 26.06.2020 has notified:-

Classification of Enterprises

An enterprise shall be classified as a micro, small or medium enterprise on the basis of the following criteria, namely:-

  •         Micro: Investment < Rs. 1 cr. and Turnover < Rs. 5 cr.
  •         Small: Investment < Rs. 10 cr. and Turnover < Rs. 50 cr.
  •         Medium: Investment < Rs. 50 cr. and Turnover < Rs. 250 cr.

Note: Investment in plant and machinery or equipment will be considered for above criteria

Becoming a Micro, small or medium Enterprises

Any person who intends to establish a micro, small or medium enterprise may file Udyam Registration online in the Udyam Registration portal, based on self-declaration with no requirement to upload documents, papers, certificates or proof.

On registration, an enterprise (referred to as Udyam in the Udyam Registration portal) will be assigned a permanent identity number to be known as Udyam Registration Number.

An e-certificate, namely, Udyam Registration Certificate‖ shall be issued on completion of the registration process.

Composite criteria of Investment and turnover for classification

A composite criterion of investment and turnover shall apply for classification of an enterprise as micro, small or medium.

If an enterprise crosses the ceiling limits specified for its present category in either of the two criteria of investment or turnover, it will cease to exist in that category and be placed in the next higher category but no enterprise shall be placed in the lower category unless it goes below the ceiling limits specified for its present category in both the criteria of investment as well as turnover.

All units with Goods and Services Tax Identification Number (GSTIN) listed against the same Permanent Account Number (PAN) shall be collectively treated as one enterprise and the turnover and investment figures for all of such entities shall be seen together and only the aggregate values will be considered for deciding the category as micro, small or medium enterprise.

Calculation of Investment in plant and Machinery or equipment

The calculation of investment in plant and machinery or equipment will be linked to the Income Tax Return (ITR) of the previous years filed under the Income Tax Act, 1961.

In case of a new enterprise, where no prior ITR is available, the investment will be based on self-declaration of the promoter of the enterprise and such relaxation shall end after the 31st March of the financial year in which it files its first ITR.

The expression “plant and machinery or equipment ”of the enterprise, shall have the same meaning as assigned to the plant and machinery in the Income Tax Rules, 1962 framed under the Income Tax Act, 1961 and shall include all tangible assets (other than land and building, furniture and fittings).

The purchase (invoice) value of a plant and machinery or equipment, whether purchased first hand or second hand, shall be taken into account excluding Goods and Services Tax (GST), on self-disclosure basis, if the enterprise is a new one without any ITR.

The cost of certain items specified in the Explanation I to sub-section (1) of section 7 of the Act shall be excluded from the calculation of the amount of investment in plant and machinery.

Calculation of turnover

Exports of goods or services or both, shall be excluded while calculating the turnover of any enterprise whether micro, small or medium, for the purposes of classification.

Information as regards turnover and exports turnover for an enterprise shall be linked to the Income Tax Act or the Central Goods and Services Act (CGST Act) and the GSTIN.

The turnover related figures of such enterprise which do not have PAN will be considered on self-declaration basis for a period up to 31st March, 2021 and thereafter, PAN and GSTIN shall be mandatory.



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